**[III SEMESTER CIVIL ENGINEERING]**

**Material Science**

**UNIT I**

*Introduction***:**

Introduction to Material Science and Engineering:

Type of Materials- Metallic Materials, Polymeric Materials, Ceramic Materials, Composite Materials,

Electronic Materials, Magnetic Materials, Photonic/Optical Materials, Construction Materials, Recent

advances in Materials Science- Smart Materials, Nano Materials, Selection of Materials

Atomic Structure and Bonding:

Structure of Atoms, Atomic Numbers and Atomic Masses, Electronic structure of Atoms, Quantum

Numbers of Electrons of Atoms, Crystal and Amorphous Structure in Materials –Crystalline and

Amorphous Materials. Type of Atomic Bonds- Metallic Bonds, Covalent Bonds, Ionic Bonds,

Vander Walls Bond, Primary and Secondary Bonds.

**UNIT II**

*Properties and Failure of Materials:-*

Mechanical Properties of Materials, Thermal properties of Materials, Electrical and Magnetic

Properties of Materials, Failure of Materials –Fracture, Fatigue and Creep , Corrosion and Wear

**UNIT III**

Construction Materials I- Masonry and Concrete

Stones, Bricks, Their properties, Mortar-Cement and Lime mortar, Proporation, Mixing and

Properties of Mortar, Properties of Masonry, Concrete Proportioning, Properties of Fresh & Hardened

Concrete

**UNIT IV**

Construction Materials II- Steel , Wood & Polymers

Structural Steel, Reinforcing Steel –Grades and Types, Properties of Reinforcing Steel ,Structural

Wood, Physical Properties of Wood, Wood Products- Plywood, Particle Board, Fibre Board,

Polymers-Thermoplastics, Thermosets, Elastomers, General Properties of Polymers, Common

Polymers and their Properties, Modified Polymers, Uses of Polymers.

**UNIT V**

Construction Materials III- Bituminous Materials and Mixtures

Bitumen, Tar, Pitch and Asphalt, Asphalt Cement, Cut back Asphalt, Emulsified and Blown Asphalt,

Properties of Asphalts, Consistency, Rate of Curing, Resistance to Action of Water, Ductility and

Adhesion etc., Grades of Asphalt, Viscosity and Penetration Grading, Performance based Grading,

Cut back Asphalt Grades, Asphalts Concrete, Asphalt Pavement, Applications of Asphalt.

**COURSE OUTCOME**

The student will be able to identify the use of different materials used in civil engineering.

*REFERENCES*

1. DR Askeland, K Balani, The science and Engineering of Materials, Cengage Learning

2. Somayaji S., Civil Engineering Materials, 2nd ed Pearson

3. Sahu G.C, Jena J.; Building materials and Construction, Mc Graw hills, new Delhi.

4. Smith William,Hashmi J, Prakash R; Material Science & Engineering; 5ed McGraw Hill.

5. S K Duggal, Building Materials, New Age International.

6. P C Vaghese, Building Materials, PHI Learning.

7. S.C. Rangwala, Engineering Materials, Charotar.

8. R. Balasubramaniam, Material Science & Engineering, Wiley India

9. Purushattam Raj, Building materials and Techniques, Pearson

10. Mamlouk MS, Building materials and Construction Engineering 3rd, pearsons.

11. Gambhir & Jamwal, Building Materials, Mc Graw Hill.

**Fluid Mechanics**

**UNIT I**

*Fundamental Fluid Properties:* Engineering units of measurement, mass, density,

specific weight, specific volume, specific gravity, surface tension, capillarity, viscosity,

bulk modulus of elasticity, pressure and vapour pressure. Fluid Statics: Pressure at a

point, pressure variation in static fluid, Absolute and gauge pressure, manometers, Forces

on plane and curved surfaces (Problems on Gravity Dams and Tainter Gates), buoyant

force, stability of floating and submerged bodies, relative equilibrium.

**UNIT II**

*Kinematics and Dynamics of Flow: *Introduction to basic lines - Streamlines,

Streaklines, Pathlines. Various types of fluid flow. Velocity potential function, Stream

function, Vorticity and Circulation, Flow net. Basic equations of fluid flow like Energy

equation, continuity equation and momentum equation. Bernoulli’s equation and its

applications.

**UNIT III**

*Laminar Flow and Turbulent Flow:* Introduction to laminar & turbulent flow, Reynolds

experiment & Reynolds number. Velocity distribution, Laminar and turbulent boundary

layers and laminar sublayer, boundary layer concept, aging of pipes. Losses due to sudden

expansion and contraction, losses in pipe fittings andvalves, concepts of equivalent length,

hydraulic and energy gradient lines, siphon, pipes in series, pipes in parallel, branching of

pipes. Concept of Water Hammer transmission of power.

**UNIT IV**

*Open channels:* Channel geometry and elements of channel section, velocity distribution,

energy in open channel flow, specific energy, types of flow, critical flow and its

computations, uniform flow and its computations, Chezy’s and Manning’s formulae,

determination of normal depth and velocity, Normal and critical slopes, Economical

sections. Basic assumptions and dynamic equations of gradually varied flow,

characteristics analysis and computations of flow profiles, rapidly varied flow hydraulic

jump in rectangular channels and its basic characteristics, surges in open channels &

channel flow routing.

**UNIT V**

Forces on immersed bodies: Types of drag, drag on a sphere, a flat plate, a cylinder and

anaerofoil development of lift, lifting vanes, Magnus effect.

Fluid Machines: Turbines: Classifications, definitions, similarity laws, specific speed and

unit quantities, Pelton-wheel turbine-their construction and settings, speed regulation,

dimensions of various elements, Action of jet, torque, power and efficiency for ideal case,

characteristic curves. Reaction turbines: construction & setting, draft tube theory, runaway

speed, simple theory of design and characteristic curves, cavitation.

*REFERENCES*

Modi & Seth , Hydraulics & Fluid Mechanics ,Rajson’s Publication Pvt Ltd

A K Jain, Fluid Mechanics: Including Hydraulic Machines, Khanna Publisher.

Subramanyam,Fluid Mechanics & hydraulic machines - - Tata McGraw-Hill

R.J.Garde , Engg Fluid Mechanics , SCITECH Publishers Pvt Ltd

Merle C. Potter, David C. Wiggert, Bassam H. Ramadan, Mechanics of Fluid, Cengage Learning.

John F. Douglas, J.M. Gasoriek, John Swaffield, Lynne Jack, Fluid Mechanics, Pearson Education.

K.R. Arora, Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydraulic Machines, Standard Publishers Distributors..

Balchandran, Engg Fluid Mechanics, PHI Learning Pvt Ltd

Ojha & Chandramouli , Fluid Mechanics & Machinery , Oxford University Press

Fox, Mc Donald, Pritchard Fluid Mechanicas– Wiley India, New Delhi.

Narsimhan S Fluid Mechanics –. – University Press, Mumbai.

Ratnam Chanamala kothapalli A.V. Fluid Mechanics & Machniery –– I.K. International, New Delhi.

Flow Through Open Channel -- Tata McGraw-Hill

S K Som, G Biswas, Suman Chakraborty, Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Fluid

Machines, Tata McGraw Hill Education.

__LIST OF EXPERIMENTS:-__

1. To Verify Bernoull’s equation.

2. To verify Impulse Imomentum equation.

3. To find out the terminal velocity of a spherical body in water.

4. Calibration and study of Venturimeter.

5. Determination of Cc, Cv, Cd of Orifices

6. Draw characteristics Curves of Pelton Wheel Turbine.

7. Draw characteristics Curves of Francis Turbine.

8. Draw characteristics Curves of Kaplan Turbine.

9. Calibration of Nozzle meter and Mouth Piece

10. Reynolds experiment for demonstration of stream lines & turbulent flow

11. Determination of metacentric height

12. Determination of Friction Factor of a pipe

13. Determination of coefficient of discharge for a broad crested weir & to plot water

surface profile over weir.

**Strength of Materials**

**UNIT I**

*Simple Stress and Strains:* Concept of Elastic body stress and Strain, Hooke’s law, Various

types of stress and strains, Elastic constants, Stresses in compound bars, composite and

tapering bars, Temperature stresses. Complex Stress and Strains- Two dimensional and three

dimensional stress system. Normal and tangential stresses, Principal Planes, Principal

Stresses and Strains, Mohr’s circle of stresses.

**UNIT II**

*Bending and Shearing Stresses:* Theory of simple bending, Concept of pure bending and

bending stress, Equation of bending, Neutral axis, Section-Modulus, Differential equation of

the elastic curve, Determination of bending stresses in simply supported, Cantilever and

Overhanging beams subjected to point load and uniformly distributed loading, Bending stress

distribution across a section of beam, Shearing Stress and shear stress distribution across a

section in Beams.

**UNIT III**

Determination of Slope and Deflection of beams by Double Integration Method, Macaulay’s

Method, Area Moment Method, Conjugate Beam Method, and Strain Energy Method,

Castiglione’s Method, and Unit Load Method.

**UNIT IV**

Columns and Struts: Theory of columns, Slenderness ratio, Direct and bending stresses in short

columns, Kern of a section. Buckling and stability, Euler’s buckling/crippling load for columns with

different end conditions, Rankin’s formula, Eccentric loads and the Secant formula-Imperfections in

columns. Thin Pressure Vessels: cylinders and spheres. Stress due to internal pressure, Change

in diameter and volume. Theories of failure.

**UNIT V**

Torsion of Shafts: Concept of pure torsion, Torsion equation, Determination of shear stress

and angle of twist of shafts of circular section, Torsion of solid and hollow circular shafts,

Analyses of problems based on combined Bending and Torsion. Unsymmetrical Bending:

Principal moment of Inertia, Product of Inertia, Bending of a beam in a plane which is not a

plane of, symmetry. Shear center; Curved beams: Pure bending of curved beams of

rectangular, circular and trapezoidal sections, Stress distribution and position of neutral axis.

*REFERENCE*

1. Punmia B.C., Mechanics of Materials, , Laxmi Publications (P) Ltd.

2. S.S Bhavikaati, Strength of Materials, Vikas Publisher, new Delhi

3. Rajput R. K., Strength of Materials, S. Chand.

4. S. Ramamrutham, R. Narayanan, Strength of Materials, Dhanpat Rai Publications.

5. R. Subramaniam, Strength of Materials, Oxford University Press.

6. Sadhu Singh , Strength of Material , Khanna Publishers

7. Mubeen A , Mechanics of solids , Pearsons

8. D.S Prakash Rao, Strength of Material , University Press , Hyderabad

9. Debrath Nag, Strength of Material , Wiley

10. Jindal , Strength of Material , Pearsons.

11. Bansal R.K, Strength of Materials, Laxmi Publisher, New Delhi.

12. Nash, W.A., Strength of Materials, Mcgraw hills, New Delhi.

13. Chandramouli, Strength of Materials, PHI learning

14. Dongre A.P., Strength of Materials, Scitech, Chennai

15. Negi L. S ,Strength of Materials, McGraw Hill Professional.

16. Raj Puroshattam, Strength of Material , Pearsons

17. J.M. Gere,.J. G. Barry Mechanics of Material, Cengage Learning

__LIST OF PRACTICALS__

1. Study of Universal testing Machine

2. To determine the Compressive and Tensile Strength of Materials.

3. To determine the Brinell Hardness of Materials.

4. To determine the Rockwell Hardness of Materials

5. To determine the Toughness of the materials.

6. To determine the stiffness of the spring.

7. To determine the deflection of Beam by the use of deflection-beam apparatus.

**DC Advance Surveying, & Remote Sensing**

**UNIT I**

*Introduction*: Basic Definitions of Surveying and Levelling , Principles , Classification of

surveying ,Methods of Linear Measurement Ranging , Accessories for linear measurement

,Chain Surveying , Compass Surveying , Plane Table Surveying , Computation of Area and

Volumes

**UNIT II**

*Theodolite Traversing & Types: *Digital levels and theodolites, Electronic

Distance measurement (EDM), Total Station and Global Positioning Systems

(GPS), Digital Planimeter.

**UNIT III**

*Control Surveys: *Providing frame work of control points, triangulation principle, co

naissance, selection and marking of stations, angle measurements and corrections, baseline

measurement and corrections, computation of sides, precise traversing.

**UNIT IV**

*GPS Surveying: * Introduction & components of GPS, Space segment, control

segment and user segment, Elements of Satellite based surveys-Map datums, GPS

receivers, GPS observation methods and their advantages over conventional

methods.

**UNIT V**

Re*mote Sensing & GIS : *Principle, components, classification, remote sensing

data acquisition process, different types of remote sensing satellite imagery with

special relevance to Indian Remote Sensing Satellites (IRS) and applications.

GIS-Definition, components and advantages.

*REFERENCES*

1. B.C Punmia , Surveying Vol-II & III ,Laxmi Publication.

2. S.K. Duggal, Surveying Vol. II McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd.

3. Saikia MD, Das BM, Das MM, Surveying, McGraw hill

4. T.P. Kanetkar and S.V. Kulkarini Surveying and Leveling-Part-I & II , Pune

Vidyarthi Griha Prakashan, Pune.

5. Gopi A, Satikumar R- Advance surveying, Pearson

6. Remote Sensing and image interpretation by Lillesand T.M. and Kiefer R.W.

7. R.Agor, Advance Surveying ,Khanna Publisher

8. Chandra AM, Higher Surveying, New Age International, new Dwlhi

9. Bhavikatti SS, Surveying and Levelling Vol. II, I.K International

10. Venkatramaiah, Surveying, University Press, Mumbai

11. Bhatta Basudeb, , Remote Sensing and GIS, Oxford, New Delhi.

12. Subramanaian, Surveying & levelling, Oxford, New Delhi.

13.Joseph George Fundamentals of Remote Sensing

__List of Practical__

1. Measurement of Distance by Chaining and Ranging.

2. Locating Various Objects by Chain or Cross-Staff Surveying.

3. Measurement of bearings of sides of traverse with prismatic compass and

computation of correct included angle.

4. Determination of elevation of various points with dumpy level by collimation plane

method and rise & fall method.

5. Fixing bench mark with respect to temporary bench mark with dumpy level by fly

levelling and check levelling.

6. Measurement of vertical angles with theodolite.

7. Determination of horizontal distance between two inaccessible points with theodolite.

8. Locating given building by theodolite traversing.

**DC Geology**

**UNIT I**

*Introduction and Physical Geology-* Objects and scope of geology. The crust and the interior

of the earth, origin and age of the earth, sub-aerial land, sub-terrain weathering, denudation

and deposition, wind, river, glacial and marine erosion, volcanoes, soil, formation of soil

profile ,geological classification of soil and concept of earthquake, Plate- tectonics.

*Mineralogy and Crystallography-* Fundamentals of mineralogy, study of common rock

forming minerals, ores and minerals of economic importance to civil engineering. elements of

crystallography and introduction to crystal systems.

*Petrology:* Composition of earth’s crust, study of igneous, sedimentary and

Metamorphic rocks and their formation, characteristics classification, Rocks of civil

engineering importance.

*Geology of India: *Physical features of India, Brief geological history of India, occurrence of

important ores and minerals in India.

**UNIT II**

Structural Geology: Structures related to rocks, Dip, Strike and outcrops, Classification and

detailed studies of geological structures i.e. folds, Faults, Joints, Unconformity and their

importance in Civil Engineering.

**UNIT III**

Applied Geology: Introduction to applied geology and its use in civil engineering, properties

of rocks, selection of sites for roads, bridges, dams, reservoirs and tunnels. Prevention of

Engineering structures from seismic shocks, stability of hill sides, water bearing strata,

artesian wells, Use of remote-sensing techniques in selection of above sites.

**UNIT IV**

*Remote Sensing:* Basic principles, roll of remote sensing in civil engineering, components,

classification, remote sensing data acquisition process, various interpretation techniques in

remote sensing, different types of remote sensing satellite imagery with special relevance to

Indian Remote Sensing Satellites (IRS) and applications.

**UNIT V**

*Geographic Information Systems (GIS):* Definition, components and advantages, application

of geological knowledge in civil engineering projects like dams, bridges, roads, tunnels and

multistory buildings, geological factors in the design of buildings.

__REFERENCE__

1. Parbin Singh – “Engineering and General Geology”

2. S.K. Garg – “ A text Book of Physical and Engineering Geology”

3. Varghese P.C., Engineering Geology for civil engineering, PHI

4. A. Parthasarthy- Engineering Geology, Wiley

5. Duggal, Pandey and Rawal- Engineering Geology, Macgra Hill

6. Duggal SK, pandey, Rawal, Engineering Geology, Mc Graw Hills

7. Kamith Vasudev, Engineering Geology, University Press

8. Alam MM. Engineering Geology and Geo- Engineering, Axiom Books

9. Gangopadhay S., Engineering Geology, Oxford

10. Gulati ; Geotechnical Engineering; TMH

11. P.K. Mukerjee – “ A text Book of Geology”

12. Das and Sobhan, Principles of Geo-technical Engineering, CengageLearning

13. Kueffer and Lillesand, Remote sensing and Image interpretation

14. . Understanding GIS, ISRI Publications.

15. Valdiya K. S., Environmental Geology in Indian Context –Tata Mc Graw Hill

__LIST OF EXPERIMENT__

1. Identification of simple rock-forming minerals and important ores.

2. Identification of rocks.

3. Simple map Exercises.